These vaccines should be given to all dogs.
Distemper-Parvovirus-Adenovirus vaccine (“the distemper vaccine”):
This vaccine protects dogs from a group of viruses that causes severe gastro-intestinal, neurological and liver diseases. The first dose is administered as early of 6 weeks of age, and then every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks of age. Another booster is given after one year, and then every three years.
Rabies is a fatal disease, which can be easily prevented by vaccination. Rabies is contagious to people. The Rabies vaccine is required by law. The first dose is given at the age of 12-16 weeks. Another booster is given after one year and then every 3 years.
These vaccines are recommended based on the dog’s life style.
Bordetella vaccine (“the kennel cough vaccine”):
Kennel cough is a highly contagious disease. It causes bronchitis, which in some cases can complicate into pneumonia. This vaccine is recommended for dogs that often go to the dog park, the groomer, day care, or boarding facilities. It can be given either as nose drops (intranasal) or as an injection. The intranasal vaccine can be given as searly as 3 weeks of age and is boostered annualy as needed. The injectable one is given as early as 6 weeks, and then again 2-4 weeks later. It is boostered every 6-12 month.
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that is transmitted via urine, feces and body secretions. It can cause severe kidney and liver disease and is contagious to people. The first dose can be given as early as 12 weeks of age, followed by a booster after 2-4 weeks, then once a year.
Lyme’s is a tick born disease that is transmitted by the deer tick. This vaccine is recommended in dogs that spend time at the countryside. The first dose can be given as early as 12 weeks of age, followed by a booster after 2-4 weeks, then once a year. Regular use of tick preventative plays an important role in the prevention of this disease.
Canine influenza virus:
This vaccine is recommended for dogs that are boarding or spending time at day care. The 2 initial doses are given 2-4 weeks apart, and then yearly.